UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, DC 20549
____________________________________________
FORM 10-Q
____________________________________________
(Mark One)
[X]
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2019
OR
[  ]
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                  to
____________________________________________
Commission file number: 001-31826
____________________________________________
CENTENE CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
42-1406317
(State or other jurisdiction of
(I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization)
Identification Number)
 
 
7700 Forsyth Boulevard
 
St. Louis, Missouri
63105
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (314) 725-4477
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days x Yes o No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files) x Yes o No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer”, “small reporting company”, and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. 
Large accelerated filer x 
Accelerated filer
o 
Non-accelerated filer   o 
Smaller reporting company
o 
 
Emerging growth company 
o 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes  o    No  x

As of April 12, 2019, the registrant had 413,320,160 shares of common stock outstanding.




CENTENE CORPORATION
QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q
TABLE OF CONTENTS

 
 
PAGE
 
 
 
 
Part I
 
 
Financial Information
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
 
Part II
 
 
Other Information
 
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 6.
 


Table of Contents


CAUTIONARY STATEMENT ON FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

All statements, other than statements of current or historical fact, contained in this filing are forward-looking statements. Without limiting the foregoing, forward-looking statements often use words such as “believe,” “anticipate,” “plan,” “expect,” “estimate,” “intend,” “seek,” “target,” “goal,” “may,” “will,” “would,” “could,” “should,” “can,” “continue” and other similar words or expressions (and the negative thereof). We intend such forward-looking statements to be covered by the safe-harbor provisions for forward-looking statements contained in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, and we are including this statement for purposes of complying with these safe-harbor provisions. In particular, these statements include, without limitation, statements about our future operating or financial performance, market opportunity, growth strategy, competition, expected activities in completed and future acquisitions, including statements about the impact of our proposed acquisition (the WellCare Transaction) of WellCare Health Plans, Inc. (WellCare), our recent acquisition (the Fidelis Care Acquisition) of substantially all the assets of New York State Catholic Health Plan, Inc., d/b/a Fidelis Care New York ( Fidelis Care), investments and the adequacy of our available cash resources. These statements may be found in the various sections of this filing, such as Part I, Item 2. “Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” Part II, Item 1. “Legal Proceedings,” and Part II, Item 1A. “Risk Factors.” 

These forward-looking statements reflect our current views with respect to future events and are based on numerous assumptions and assessments made by us in light of our experience and perception of historical trends, current conditions, business strategies, operating environments, future developments and other factors we believe appropriate. By their nature, forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks and uncertainties and are subject to change because they relate to events and depend on circumstances that will occur in the future, including economic, regulatory, competitive and other factors that may cause our or our industry’s actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. These statements are not guarantees of future performance and are subject to risks, uncertainties and assumptions.

All forward-looking statements included in this filing are based on information available to us on the date of this filing. Except as may be otherwise required by law, we undertake no obligation to update or revise the forward-looking statements included in this filing, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, after the date of this filing. You should not place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements, as actual results may differ materially from projections, estimates, or other forward-looking statements due to a variety of important factors, variables and events including but not limited to:

the risk that regulatory or other approvals required for the WellCare Transaction may be delayed or not obtained or are obtained subject to conditions that are not anticipated that could require the exertion of management's time and our resources or otherwise have an adverse effect on us;
the risk that our stockholders do not approve the issuance of shares of Centene common stock in the WellCare Transaction;
the risk that WellCare's stockholders do not adopt the merger agreement (the Merger Agreement);
the possibility that certain conditions to the consummation of the WellCare Transaction will not be satisfied or completed on a timely basis and, accordingly, the WellCare Transaction may not be consummated on a timely basis or at all;
uncertainty as to the expected financial performance of the combined company following completion of the WellCare Transaction;
the possibility that the expected synergies and value creation from the WellCare Transaction will not be realized, or will not be realized within the expected time period;
the exertion of management's time and the Company's resources, and other expenses incurred and business changes required, in connection with any regulatory, governmental or third party consents or approvals for the WellCare Transaction;
the risk that unexpected costs will be incurred in connection with the completion and/or integration of the WellCare Transaction or that the integration of WellCare will be more difficult or time consuming than expected;
the risk that potential litigation in connection with the WellCare Transaction may affect the timing of the WellCare Transaction, cause it not to close at all, or result in significant costs of defense, indemnification and liability;
unexpected costs, charges or expenses resulting from the WellCare Transaction;
the possibility that competing offers will be made to acquire WellCare;
the inability to retain key personnel;
disruption from the announcement, pendency and/or completion of the WellCare Transaction, including potential adverse reactions or changes to business relationships with customers, employees, suppliers or regulators, making it more difficult to maintain business and operational relationships;
the risk that, following the WellCare Transaction, the combined company may not be able to effectively manage its expanded operations;
our ability to accurately predict and effectively manage health benefits and other operating expenses and reserves;

i

Table of Contents

competition;
membership and revenue declines or unexpected trends;
changes in healthcare practices, new technologies, and advances in medicine;
increased healthcare costs;
changes in economic, political or market conditions;
changes in federal or state laws or regulations, including changes with respect to income tax reform or government healthcare programs as well as changes with respect to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and the Health Care and Education Affordability Reconciliation Act, collectively referred to as the Affordable Care Act (ACA) and any regulations enacted thereunder that may result from changing political conditions or judicial actions, including the ultimate outcome of the District Court decision in "Texas v. United States of America" regarding the constitutionality of the ACA;
rate cuts or other payment reductions or delays by governmental payors and other risks and uncertainties affecting our government businesses;
our ability to adequately price products on federally facilitated and state-based Health Insurance Marketplaces;
tax matters;
disasters or major epidemics;
the outcome of legal and regulatory proceedings;
changes in expected contract start dates;
provider, state, federal and other contract changes and timing of regulatory approval of contracts;
the expiration, suspension, or termination of our contracts with federal or state governments (including but not limited to Medicaid, Medicare, TRICARE or other customers);
the difficulty of predicting the timing or outcome of pending or future litigation or government investigations;
challenges to our contract awards;
cyber-attacks or other privacy or data security incidents;
the possibility that the expected synergies and value creation from acquired businesses, including, without limitation, the Fidelis Care Acquisition, will not be realized, or will not be realized within the expected time period;
the exertion of management’s time and our resources, and other expenses incurred and business changes required in connection with complying with the undertakings in connection with any regulatory, governmental or third party consents or approvals for acquisitions, including the Fidelis Care Acquisition;
disruption caused by significant completed and pending acquisitions, including, among others, the Fidelis Care Acquisition, making it more difficult to maintain business and operational relationships;
the risk that unexpected costs will be incurred in connection with the completion and/or integration of acquisition transactions, including among others, the Fidelis Care Acquisition;
changes in expected closing dates, estimated purchase price and accretion for acquisitions;
the risk that acquired businesses, including Fidelis Care, will not be integrated successfully;
the risk that, following the Fidelis Care Acquisition, we may not be able to effectively manage our expanded operations;
restrictions and limitations in connection with our indebtedness;
our ability to maintain the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) Star ratings and maintain or achieve improvement in other quality scores in each case that can impact revenue and future growth;
availability of debt and equity financing, on terms that are favorable to us;
inflation; and
foreign currency fluctuations.

This list of important factors is not intended to be exhaustive. We discuss certain of these matters more fully, as well as certain other factors that may affect our business operations, financial condition and results of operations, in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including our annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and current reports on Form 8-K. Item 1A. “Risk Factors” of Part II of this filing contains a further discussion of these and other important factors that could cause actual results to differ from expectations. Due to these important factors and risks, we cannot give assurances with respect to our future performance, including without limitation our ability to maintain adequate premium levels or our ability to control our future medical and selling, general and administrative costs.




ii

Table of Contents

Non-GAAP Financial Presentation

The Company is providing certain non-GAAP financial measures in this report, as the Company believes that these figures are helpful in allowing investors to more accurately assess the ongoing nature of the Company's operations and measure the Company's performance more consistently across periods. The Company uses the presented non-GAAP financial measures internally to allow management to focus on period-to-period changes in the Company's core business operations. Therefore, the Company believes that this information is meaningful in addition to the information contained in the GAAP presentation of financial information. The presentation of this additional non-GAAP financial information is not intended to be considered in isolation or as a substitute for the financial information prepared and presented in accordance with GAAP.

Specifically, the Company believes the presentation of non-GAAP financial information that excludes amortization of acquired intangible assets and acquisition related expenses allows investors to develop a more meaningful understanding of the Company's performance over time. The tables below provide reconciliations of non-GAAP items ($ in millions, except per share data):
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
 
 
 
 
GAAP net earnings
$
522

 
$
340

Amortization of acquired intangible assets
65

 
39

Acquisition related expenses
18

 
21

Income tax effects of adjustments (1)
(20
)
 
(14
)
Adjusted net earnings
$
585

 
$
386

 
 
 
 
GAAP diluted earnings per share (EPS)
$
1.24

 
$
0.96

Amortization of acquired intangible assets (2)
0.12

 
0.09

Acquisition related expenses (3)
0.03

 
0.04

Adjusted Diluted EPS
$
1.39

 
$
1.09

(1)
The income tax effects of adjustments are based on the effective income tax rates applicable to adjusted (non-GAAP) results.
(2)
The amortization of acquired intangible assets per diluted share is net of an income tax benefit of $0.04 and $0.02 for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.
(3)
Acquisition related expenses per diluted share are net of an income tax benefit of $0.01 and $0.02 for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
 
 
 
 
GAAP selling, general and administrative expenses
$
1,609

 
$
1,316

Acquisition related expenses
17

 
21

Adjusted selling, general and administrative expenses
$
1,592

 
$
1,295


iii

Table of Contents

PART I
FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1. Financial Statements.
CENTENE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In millions, except shares in thousands and per share data in dollars)
 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018

(Unaudited)
 

ASSETS
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
6,345

 
$
5,342

Premium and trade receivables
5,819

 
5,150

Short-term investments
697

 
722

Other current assets
755

 
784

Total current assets
13,616

 
11,998

Long-term investments
7,186

 
6,861

Restricted deposits
582

 
555

Property, software and equipment, net
1,800

 
1,706

Goodwill
6,981

 
7,015

Intangible assets, net
2,208

 
2,239

Other long-term assets
1,196

 
527

Total assets
$
33,569

 
$
30,901




 


LIABILITIES, REDEEMABLE NONCONTROLLING INTERESTS AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 
 

Current liabilities:
 

 
 

Medical claims liability
$
7,381

 
$
6,831

Accounts payable and accrued expenses
4,641

 
4,051

Return of premium payable
718

 
666

Unearned revenue
363

 
385

Current portion of long-term debt
40

 
38

Total current liabilities
13,143

 
11,971

Long-term debt
6,775

 
6,648

Other long-term liabilities
2,007

 
1,259

Total liabilities
21,925

 
19,878

Commitments and contingencies


 


Redeemable noncontrolling interests
10

 
10

Stockholders’ equity:
 

 
 

Preferred stock, $0.001 par value; authorized 10,000 shares; no shares issued or outstanding at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018

 

Common stock, $0.001 par value; authorized 800,000 shares; 419,058 issued and 413,305 outstanding at March 31, 2019, and 417,695 issued and 412,478 outstanding at December 31, 2018

 

Additional paid-in capital
7,491

 
7,449

Accumulated other comprehensive earnings (loss)
38

 
(56
)
Retained earnings
4,185

 
3,663

Treasury stock, at cost (5,753 and 5,217 shares, respectively)
(174
)
 
(139
)
Total Centene stockholders’ equity
11,540

 
10,917

Noncontrolling interest
94

 
96

Total stockholders’ equity
11,634

 
11,013

Total liabilities, redeemable noncontrolling interests and stockholders’ equity
$
33,569

 
$
30,901

The accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements are an integral part of these statements. 

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Table of Contents

CENTENE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(In millions, except shares in thousands and per share data in dollars)
(Unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
Revenues:

 

Premium
$
16,203

 
$
11,903

Service
635

 
653

Premium and service revenues
16,838

 
12,556

Premium tax and health insurer fee
1,606

 
638

Total revenues
18,444

 
13,194

Expenses:
 
 
 
Medical costs
13,882

 
10,039

Cost of services
544

 
543

Selling, general and administrative expenses
1,609

 
1,316

Amortization of acquired intangible assets
65

 
39

Premium tax expense
1,659

 
546

Health insurer fee expense

 
171

Total operating expenses
17,759

 
12,654

Earnings from operations
685

 
540

Other income (expense):

 

Investment and other income
99

 
41

Interest expense
(99
)
 
(68
)
Earnings from operations, before income tax expense
685

 
513

Income tax expense
166

 
175

Net earnings
519

 
338

Loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
3

 
2

Net earnings attributable to Centene Corporation
$
522

 
$
340



 

Net earnings per common share attributable to Centene Corporation:
Basic earnings per common share
$
1.26

 
$
0.98

Diluted earnings per common share
$
1.24

 
$
0.96



 

Weighted average number of common shares outstanding:
 
 
 
Basic
412,924

 
347,843

Diluted
419,752

 
355,380

 
 
 
 
The accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements are an integral part of these statements.

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Table of Contents

CENTENE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE EARNINGS
(In millions)
(Unaudited)

 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
Net earnings
$
519

 
$
338

Change in unrealized gain (loss) on investments, net of tax
94

 
(52
)
Foreign currency translation adjustments

 
1

Other comprehensive earnings (loss)
94

 
(51
)
Comprehensive earnings
613

 
287

Comprehensive loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
3

 
2

Comprehensive earnings attributable to Centene Corporation
$
616

 
$
289


The accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements are an integral part of these statements.


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Table of Contents

CENTENE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(In millions, except shares in thousands and per share data in dollars)
(Unaudited)

Three Months Ended March 31, 2019
 
Centene Stockholders’ Equity
 
 
 
 
 
Common Stock
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Treasury Stock
 
 
 
 
 
$0.001 Par
Value
Shares
 
Amt
 
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Earnings (Loss)
 
Retained
Earnings
 
$.001 Par
Value
Shares
 
Amt
 
Non-
controlling
Interest
 
Total
Balance, December 31, 2018
417,695

 
$

 
$
7,449

 
$
(56
)
 
$
3,663

 
5,217

 
$
(139
)
 
$
96

 
$
11,013

Comprehensive Earnings:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net earnings (loss)

 

 

 

 
522

 

 

 
(2
)
 
520

Other comprehensive earnings, net of $30 tax

 

 

 
94

 

 

 

 

 
94

Common stock issued for employee benefit plans
1,363

 

 
4

 

 

 

 

 

 
4

Common stock repurchases

 

 

 

 

 
536

 
(35
)
 

 
(35
)
Stock compensation expense

 

 
38

 

 

 

 

 

 
38

Balance, March 31, 2019
419,058

 
$

 
$
7,491

 
$
38

 
$
4,185

 
5,753

 
$
(174
)
 
$
94

 
$
11,634

 

Three Months Ended March 31, 2018
 
Centene Stockholders’ Equity
 
 
 
 
 
Common Stock
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Treasury Stock
 
 
 
 
 
$0.001 Par
Value
Shares
 
Amt
 
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Earnings (Loss)
 
Retained
Earnings
 
$.001 Par
Value
Shares
 
Amt
 
Non-
controlling
Interest
 
Total
Balance, December 31, 2017
360,758

 
$

 
$
4,349

 
$
(3
)
 
$
2,748

 
13,884

 
$
(244
)
 
$
14

 
$
6,864

Comprehensive Earnings:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net earnings

 

 

 

 
340

 

 

 
1

 
341

Other comprehensive loss, net of ($16) tax

 

 

 
(51
)
 

 

 

 

 
(51
)
Common stock issued for acquisitions

 

 
210

 

 

 
(6,351
)
 
114

 

 
324

Common stock issued for employee benefit plans
529

 

 
4

 

 

 

 

 

 
4

Common stock repurchases

 

 

 

 

 
165

 
(9
)
 

 
(9
)
Stock compensation expense

 

 
33

 

 

 

 

 

 
33

Cumulative-effect of accounting guidance

 

 

 

 
16

 

 

 

 
16

Purchase of noncontrolling interests

 

 
(4
)
 

 

 

 

 

 
(4
)
Acquisition resulting in noncontrolling interests

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
62

 
62

Balance, March 31, 2018
361,287

 
$

 
$
4,592

 
$
(54
)
 
$
3,104

 
7,698

 
$
(139
)
 
$
77

 
$
7,580



The accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements are an integral part of this statement.



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Table of Contents

CENTENE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In millions)
(Unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net earnings
$
519

 
$
338

Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to net cash provided by operating activities
Depreciation and amortization
155

 
104

Stock compensation expense
38

 
33

Deferred income taxes
23

 
30

Changes in assets and liabilities
 

 
 

Premium and trade receivables
(662
)
 
(176
)
Other assets
20

 
51

Medical claims liabilities
548

 
485

Unearned revenue
(22
)
 
317

Accounts payable and accrued expenses
357

 
157

Other long-term liabilities
347

 
477

Other operating activities, net
(7
)
 
30

Net cash provided by operating activities
1,316

 
1,846

Cash flows from investing activities:
 

 
 

Capital expenditures
(176
)
 
(218
)
Purchases of investments
(580
)
 
(765
)
Sales and maturities of investments
383

 
445

Acquisitions, net of cash acquired

 
(226
)
Net cash used in investing activities
(373
)
 
(764
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 

 
 

Proceeds from long-term debt
1,018

 
2,015

Payments of long-term debt
(927
)
 
(1,491
)
Common stock repurchases
(35
)
 
(9
)
Other financing activities, net
2

 
(2
)
Net cash provided by financing activities
58

 
513

Net increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash and cash equivalents
1,001

 
1,595

Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
5,350

 
4,089

Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash and cash equivalents, end of period
$
6,351

 
$
5,684

Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:
 

 
 

Interest paid
$
87

 
$
73

Income taxes paid
$
6

 
$
1

Equity issued in connection with acquisitions
$

 
$
324

 
 
 
 
The following table provides a reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash and cash equivalents reported within the Consolidated Balance Sheets to the totals above:
 
March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
Cash and cash equivalents
$
6,345

 
$
5,668

Restricted cash and cash equivalents, included in restricted deposits
6

 
16

Total cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash and cash equivalents
$
6,351

 
$
5,684



The accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements are an integral part of these statements.

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Table of Contents

CENTENE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
   
1. Organization and Operations

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying interim financial statements have been prepared under the presumption that users of the interim financial information have either read or have access to the audited financial statements included in the Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018. The unaudited interim financial statements herein have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission. Accordingly, footnote disclosures that would substantially duplicate the disclosures contained in the December 31, 2018 audited financial statements have been omitted from these interim financial statements, where appropriate. In the opinion of management, these financial statements reflect all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments, which are necessary for a fair presentation of the results of the interim periods presented.

Certain 2018 amounts in the consolidated financial statements and notes to the consolidated financial statements have been reclassified to conform to the 2019 presentation. These reclassifications have no effect on net earnings or stockholders' equity as previously reported.

On December 12, 2018, our Board of Directors declared a two-for-one split of our common stock in the form of a 100% stock dividend distributed on February 6, 2019 to stockholders of record as of December 24, 2018. All share and per share information presented in this Form 10-Q has been adjusted for the two-for-one stock split.

Recently Adopted Accounting Guidance

In February 2016, the FASB issued an ASU that introduces a lessee model that requires the majority of leases to be recognized on the balance sheet. The new standard also aligns many of the underlying principles of the new lessor model with those in Accounting Standards Codification 606, the FASB's new revenue recognition standard, and addresses other concerns related to the current lessee model. The standard also requires lessors to increase the transparency of their exposure to changes in value of their residual assets and how they manage that exposure. It is effective for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2018. The Company adopted the new guidance in the first quarter of 2019 using the modified retrospective transition approach. In addition, the Company elected the package of practical expedients permitted under the transition guidance within the new standard, which allows an entity to not reassess lease classification for existing leases. The impact of the new guidance is further discussed in Note 8. Leases.

In August 2017, the FASB issued an ASU that amends the hedge accounting model to enable entities to better align the economics of risk management activities and financial reporting. In addition, the new standard enhances the understandability of hedge results and simplifies the application of hedge accounting in certain situations. The Company adopted the new guidance in the first quarter of 2019. The new guidance did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

In March 2017, the FASB issued an ASU that changes the period over which premiums on callable debt securities are amortized. The new standard requires the premiums on callable debt securities to be amortized to the earliest call date rather than to the contractual maturity date of the instrument. The new guidance more closely aligns the amortization period of premiums to expectations incorporated in the market pricing on the underlying securities. The Company adopted the new guidance in the first quarter of 2019. The new guidance did not have a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.


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2. Acquisitions

WellCare Transaction

On March 26, 2019, the Company entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger (the Merger Agreement) with Wellington Merger Sub I, Inc., a direct, wholly owned subsidiary of the Company (Merger Sub I), Wellington Merger Sub II, Inc., a direct, wholly owned subsidiary of the Company (Merger Sub II), and WellCare, providing for (i) the merger of Merger Sub I with and into WellCare (the First Merger), with WellCare continuing as the surviving corporation of the First Merger and a direct, wholly owned subsidiary of the Company (the Surviving Corporation), and (ii) immediately after the effective time of the First Merger (the First Effective Time), the merger of the Surviving Corporation with and into Merger Sub II (the Second Merger), with Merger Sub II continuing as the surviving corporation of the Second Merger and a direct, wholly owned subsidiary of the Company. At the First Effective Time, each share of common stock of WellCare issued and outstanding immediately prior to the First Effective Time will be automatically canceled and converted into the right to receive 3.38 of validly issued, fully paid and nonassessable shares of Centene common stock and $120.00 in cash, without interest. The WellCare transaction is valued at approximately $17.3 billion, including existing WellCare debt (based on the Centene closing stock price on March 25, 2019). The transaction is subject to approval by Centene and WellCare stockholders and is also conditioned on clearance under the Hart-Scott Rodino Act, receipt of state regulatory approvals and other customary closing conditions.

Fidelis Care Acquisition

On July 1, 2018, the Company acquired substantially all of the assets of Fidelis Care for approximately $3.6 billion of cash consideration, including a working capital adjustment. The purchase price continues to be subject to adjustments related to changes in working capital through June 2019, which will be settled subsequent to the second quarter of 2019. The Fidelis Care acquisition expanded the Company's scale and presence to New York State.

The acquisition of Fidelis Care was accounted for as a business combination using the acquisition method of accounting that requires assets acquired and liabilities assumed to be recognized at fair value as of the acquisition date. Any necessary adjustments from preliminary estimates will be finalized within one year from the date of acquisition. Measurement period adjustments will be recorded in the period in which they are determined, as if they had been completed at the acquisition date. The Company has completed its valuation procedures on cash and cash equivalents, restricted deposits, and property, software and equipment, but the valuation of all remaining assets and liabilities has not been finalized. The Company has performed preliminary valuation procedures on all assets acquired and liabilities assumed and accordingly has recorded provisional amounts, which are subject to adjustment. The Company is waiting on additional information related to certain liabilities and performing a detailed analysis on the valuation of premium and related receivables.


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The Company's preliminary allocation of the fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed as of the acquisition date of July 1, 2018 is as follows ($ in millions):
Assets acquired and liabilities assumed
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
2,001

Premium and related receivables
 
510

Other current assets
 
31

Restricted deposits
 
495

Property, software and equipment, net
 
48

Intangible assets (a)
 
956

Other long-term assets
 
1

Total assets acquired
 
4,042

 
 
 
Medical claims liability
 
1,210

Accounts payable and accrued expenses
 
258

Return of premium payable
 
123

Unearned revenue
 
115

Other long-term liabilities
 
300

Total liabilities assumed
 
2,006

 
 
 
Total identifiable net assets
 
2,036

Goodwill (b)
 
1,591

Total assets acquired and liabilities assumed
 
$
3,627


The Company has made the following preliminary fair value adjustments based on information reviewed through March 31, 2019. Significant fair value adjustments are noted as follows:

(a)
The identifiable intangible assets acquired are to be measured at fair value as of the completion of the acquisition. The preliminary fair value of intangible assets is determined primarily using variations of the "income approach," which is based on the present value of the future after tax cash flows attributable to each identified intangible asset. Other valuation methods, including the market approach and cost approach, were also considered in estimating the fair value. The Company has estimated the fair value of intangible assets to be $956 million with a weighted average life of 13 years. The identifiable intangible assets include customer relationships, trade names, provider contracts and developed technology.

The fair values and weighted average useful lives for identifiable intangible assets acquired are as follows:
 
 
Fair Value
 
Weighted Average Useful Life (in years)
Customer relationships
 
$
711

 
11
Trade name
 
196

 
20
Provider contracts
 
33

 
15
Developed technologies
 
16

 
2
Total intangible assets acquired
 
$
956

 
13

(b)
The acquisition resulted in $1.6 billion of goodwill related primarily to synergies expected from the acquisition and the assembled workforce of Fidelis Care. All of the goodwill has been assigned to the Managed Care segment. The goodwill is deductible for income tax purposes.


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Table of Contents

3. Short-term and Long-term Investments, Restricted Deposits

Short-term and long-term investments and restricted deposits by investment type consist of the following ($ in millions):
 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
 
Amortized
Cost
 
Gross
Unrealized
Gains
 
Gross
Unrealized Losses
 
Fair
Value
 
Amortized
Cost
 
Gross
Unrealized
Gains
 
Gross
Unrealized Losses
 
Fair
Value
U.S. Treasury securities and obligations of U.S. government corporations and agencies
$
251

 
$
1

 
$
(1
)
 
$
251

 
$
362

 
$
1

 
$
(2
)
 
$
361

Corporate securities
3,318

 
40

 
(16
)
 
3,342

 
3,190

 
8

 
(52
)
 
3,146

Restricted certificates of deposit
474

 

 

 
474

 
433

 

 

 
433

Restricted cash equivalents
6

 

 

 
6

 
8

 

 

 
8

Municipal securities
2,260

 
33

 
(3
)
 
2,290

 
2,196

 
9

 
(18
)
 
2,187

Asset-backed securities
728

 
3

 
(3
)
 
728

 
686

 
1

 
(4
)
 
683

Residential mortgage-backed securities
457

 
4

 
(6
)
 
455

 
452

 
1

 
(9
)
 
444

Commercial mortgage-backed securities
378

 
4

 
(2
)
 
380

 
366

 
1

 
(6
)
 
361

Private equity investments
402

 

 

 
402

 
387

 

 

 
387

Life insurance contracts
137

 

 

 
137

 
128

 

 

 
128

Total
$
8,411

 
$
85

 
$
(31
)
 
$
8,465

 
$
8,208

 
$
21

 
$
(91
)
 
$
8,138


The Company’s investments are debt securities classified as available-for-sale with the exception of life insurance contracts and certain private equity investments. The Company’s investment policies are designed to provide liquidity, preserve capital and maximize total return on invested assets with the focus on high credit quality securities. The Company limits the size of investment in any single issuer other than U.S. treasury securities and obligations of U.S. government corporations and agencies. As of March 31, 2019, 97% of the Company’s investments in rated securities carry an investment grade rating by nationally recognized statistical rating organizations. At March 31, 2019, the Company held certificates of deposit, life insurance contracts and private equity investments that did not carry a credit rating.

The Company's residential mortgage-backed securities are primarily issued by the Federal National Mortgage Association, Government National Mortgage Association or Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation, which carry implicit or explicit guarantees of the U.S. government. The Company's commercial mortgage-backed securities are primarily senior tranches with a weighted average rating of AA+ and a weighted average duration of 3.8 years at March 31, 2019.

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The fair value of available-for-sale debt securities with gross unrealized losses by investment type and length of time that individual securities have been in a continuous unrealized loss position were as follows ($ in millions):
 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
 
Less Than 12 Months
 
12 Months or More
 
Less Than 12 Months
 
12 Months or More
 
Unrealized Losses
 
Fair
Value
 
Unrealized Losses
 
Fair
Value
 
Unrealized Losses
 
Fair
Value
 
Unrealized Losses
 
Fair
Value
U.S. Treasury securities and obligations of U.S. government corporations and agencies
$

 
$
1

 
$
(1
)
 
$
172

 
$

 
$
59

 
$
(2
)
 
$
202

Corporate securities
(4
)
 
392

 
(12
)
 
1,010

 
(27
)
 
1,389

 
(25
)
 
871

Municipal securities

 
74

 
(3
)
 
496

 
(4
)
 
591

 
(14
)
 
806

Asset-backed securities
(2
)
 
221

 
(1
)
 
196

 
(2
)
 
318

 
(2
)
 
168

Residential mortgage-backed securities

 
12

 
(6
)
 
241

 
(1
)
 
61

 
(8
)
 
233

Commercial mortgage-backed securities

 
72

 
(2
)
 
129

 
(2
)
 
137

 
(4
)
 
140

Total
$
(6
)
 
$
772

 
$
(25
)
 
$
2,244

 
$
(36
)
 
$
2,555

 
$
(55
)
 
$
2,420


As of March 31, 2019, the gross unrealized losses were generated from 1,966 positions out of a total of 4,339 positions. The change in fair value of fixed income securities is primarily a result of movement in interest rates subsequent to the purchase of the security.

For each security in an unrealized loss position, the Company assesses whether it intends to sell the security or if it is more likely than not the Company will be required to sell the security before recovery of the amortized cost basis for reasons such as liquidity, contractual or regulatory purposes. If the security meets this criterion, the decline in fair value is other-than-temporary and is recorded in earnings. The Company does not intend to sell these securities prior to maturity and it is not likely that the Company will be required to sell these securities prior to maturity; therefore, there is no indication of other-than-temporary impairment for these securities.

The contractual maturities of short-term and long-term investments and restricted deposits are as follows ($ in millions):
 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
 
Investments
 
Restricted Deposits
 
Investments
 
Restricted Deposits
 
Amortized
Cost
 
Fair
Value
 
Amortized
Cost
 
Fair
Value
 
Amortized
Cost
 
Fair
Value
 
Amortized
Cost
 
Fair
Value
One year or less
$
610

 
$
609

 
$
515

 
$
515

 
$
647

 
$
646

 
$
205

 
$
205

One year through five years
3,112

 
3,130

 
67

 
67

 
3,026

 
2,998

 
351

 
350

Five years through ten years
2,477

 
2,512

 

 

 
2,387

 
2,362

 

 

Greater than ten years
67

 
69

 

 

 
88

 
89

 

 

Asset-backed securities
1,563

 
1,563

 

 

 
1,504

 
1,488

 

 

Total
$
7,829

 
$
7,883

 
$
582

 
$
582

 
$
7,652

 
$
7,583

 
$
556

 
$
555

 
Actual maturities may differ from contractual maturities due to call or prepayment options. Private equity investments and life insurance contracts are included in the five years through ten years category. Residential mortgage-backed securities and commercial mortgage-backed securities are included in the asset-backed securities category. The Company has an option to redeem at amortized cost substantially all of the securities included in the greater than ten years category listed above.

The Company continuously monitors investments for other-than-temporary impairment. Certain investments have experienced a decline in fair value due to changes in credit quality, market interest rates and/or general economic conditions. The Company recognizes an impairment loss for private equity investments when evidence demonstrates that it is other-than-temporarily impaired. Evidence of a loss in value that is other-than-temporary may include the absence of an ability to recover the carrying amount of the investment or the inability of the investee to sustain a level of earnings that would justify the carrying amount of the investment.

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Table of Contents


4. Fair Value Measurements

Assets and liabilities recorded at fair value in the Consolidated Balance Sheets are categorized based upon observable or unobservable inputs used to estimate fair value. Level inputs are as follows:
Level Input:
 
Input Definition:
Level I
 
Inputs are unadjusted, quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in active markets at the measurement date.
 
 
 
Level II
 
Inputs other than quoted prices included in Level I that are observable for the asset or liability through corroboration with market data at the measurement date.
 
 
 
Level III
 
Unobservable inputs that reflect management’s best estimate of what market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability at the measurement date.

The following table summarizes fair value measurements by level at March 31, 2019, for assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis ($ in millions):
 
Level I
 
Level II
 
Level III
 
Total
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
6,345

 
$

 
$

 
$
6,345

Investments available for sale:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

U.S. Treasury securities and obligations of U.S. government corporations and agencies
$
149

 
$

 
$

 
$
149

Corporate securities

 
3,342

 

 
3,342

Municipal securities

 
2,290

 

 
2,290

Asset-backed securities

 
728

 

 
728

Residential mortgage-backed securities

 
455

 

 
455

Commercial mortgage-backed securities

 
380

 

 
380

Total investments
$
149

 
$
7,195

 
$

 
$
7,344

Restricted deposits available for sale:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Cash and cash equivalents
$
6

 
$

 
$

 
$
6

Certificates of deposit

 
474

 

 
474

U.S. Treasury securities and obligations of U.S. government corporations and agencies
102

 

 

 
102

Total restricted deposits
$
108

 
$
474

 
$

 
$
582

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total assets at fair value
$
6,602

 
$
7,669

 
$

 
$
14,271

Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other long-term liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest rate swap agreements
$

 
$
61

 
$

 
$
61

Total liabilities at fair value
$

 
$
61

 
$

 
$
61











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Table of Contents

The following table summarizes fair value measurements by level at December 31, 2018, for assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis ($ in millions): 
 
Level I
 
Level II
 
Level III
 
Total
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
5,342

 
$

 
$

 
$
5,342

Investments available for sale:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

U.S. Treasury securities and obligations of U.S. government corporations and agencies
$
247

 
$

 
$

 
$
247

Corporate securities

 
3,146

 

 
3,146

Municipal securities

 
2,187

 

 
2,187

Asset-backed securities

 
683

 

 
683

Residential mortgage-backed securities

 
444

 

 
444

Commercial mortgage-backed securities

 
361

 

 
361

Total investments
$
247

 
$
6,821

 
$

 
$
7,068

Restricted deposits available for sale:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Cash and cash equivalents
$
8

 
$

 
$

 
$
8

Certificates of deposit

 
433

 

 
433

U.S. Treasury securities and obligations of U.S. government corporations and agencies
114

 

 

 
114

Total restricted deposits
$
122

 
$
433

 
$

 
$
555

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total assets at fair value
$
5,711

 
$
7,254

 
$

 
$
12,965

Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other long-term liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest rate swap agreements
$

 
$
95

 
$

 
$
95

Total liabilities at fair value
$

 
$
95

 
$

 
$
95

 
The Company utilizes matrix-pricing services to estimate fair value for securities that are not actively traded on the measurement date. The Company designates these securities as Level II fair value measurements. In addition, the aggregate carrying amount of the Company’s life insurance contracts and other private equity investments, which approximates fair value, was $539 million and $515 million as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively.


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Table of Contents

5. Medical Claims Liability

The following table summarizes the change in medical claims liability ($ in millions):

 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2019
 
2018
Balance, January 1
 
$
6,831

 
$
4,286

Less: Reinsurance recoverable
 
27

 
18

Balance, January 1, net
 
6,804

 
4,268

Acquisitions and purchase accounting adjustments
 
6

 

Incurred related to:
 
 
 
 
          Current year
 
14,376

 
10,302

          Prior years
 
(494
)
 
(263
)
         Total incurred
 
13,882

 
10,039

Paid related to:
 
 
 
 
          Current year
 
8,771

 
6,579

          Prior years
 
4,560

 
2,970

         Total paid
 
13,331

 
9,549

Balance at March 31, net
 
7,361

 
4,758

Plus: Reinsurance recoverable
 
20

 
13

Balance, March 31
 
$
7,381

 
$
4,771


Reinsurance recoverables related to medical claims are included in premium and related receivables. Changes in estimates of incurred claims for prior years are primarily attributable to reserving under moderately adverse conditions. Additionally, as a result of development within "Incurred related to: Prior years" due to minimum health benefits ratio (HBR) and other return of premium programs, we recorded $8 million as an increase to premium revenues and $13 million as a reduction to premium revenues in the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

Incurred but not reported (IBNR) plus expected development on reported claims as of March 31, 2019 was $5,569 million. Total IBNR plus expected development on reported claims represents estimates for claims incurred but not reported, development on reported claims, and estimates for the costs necessary to process unpaid claims at the end of each period. We estimate our liability using actuarial methods that are commonly used by health insurance actuaries and meet Actuarial Standards of Practice. These actuarial methods consider factors such as historical data for payment patterns, cost trends, product mix, seasonality, utilization of healthcare services and other relevant factors.
 
6. Affordable Care Act

The Affordable Care Act contains risk spreading premium stabilization programs as well as a minimum annual MLR and cost sharing reductions. The Company's net receivables (payables) for each of the ongoing programs are as follows ($ in millions):
 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
Risk adjustment
$
(1,313
)
 
$
(928
)
Minimum MLR
(341
)
 
(265
)
Cost sharing reductions
45

 
(50
)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               

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7. Debt
 
Debt consists of the following ($ in millions):
 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
$1,400 million 5.625% Senior notes, due February 15, 2021
$
1,400

 
$
1,400

$1,000 million 4.75% Senior notes, due May 15, 2022
1,005

 
1,005

$1,000 million 6.125% Senior notes, due February 15, 2024
1,000

 
1,000

$1,200 million 4.75% Senior notes, due January 15, 2025
1,200

 
1,200

$1,800 million 5.375% Senior notes, due June 1, 2026
1,800

 
1,800

Fair value of interest rate swap agreements
(61
)
 
(95
)
Total senior notes
6,344

 
6,310

Revolving credit agreement
357

 
284

Mortgage notes payable
57

 
57

Construction loan payable
78

 
63

Finance leases and other
49

 
47

Debt issuance costs
(70
)
 
(75
)
Total debt
6,815

 
6,686

Less current portion
(40
)
 
(38
)
 Long-term debt
$
6,775

 
$
6,648


8. Leases

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases, which introduced a lessee model that requires the majority of leases to be recognized on the balance sheet. On January 1, 2019, the Company adopted the ASU using the modified retrospective transition approach and elected the transition option to recognize the adjustment in the period of adoption rather than in the earliest period presented. Adoption of the new guidance resulted in the initial recognition of right-of-use (ROU) assets of $661 million, ROU lease liabilities of $774 million and the elimination of $113 million of straight-line lease liabilities.

The Company records ROU assets and liabilities for non-cancelable operating leases primarily for real estate and equipment. Leases with an initial term of 12 months or less are not recorded on the balance sheet. Expense related to leases is recorded on a straight-line basis over the lease term, including rent holidays. During the three months ended March 31, 2019, the Company recognized operating lease expense of $50 million.

The following table sets forth the ROU assets and liabilities as of March 31, 2019 ($ in millions):
 
March 31, 2019
Assets
 
ROU assets (recorded within other long-term assets)
$
624

 
 
Liabilities
 
Short-term (recorded within accounts payable and accrued expenses)
$
156

Long-term (recorded within other long-term liabilities)
583

Total ROU liabilities
$
739


During the three months ended March 31, 2019, the Company reduced its ROU liabilities by $64 million for cash paid. In addition, new operating leases commenced resulting in the recognition of ROU assets and liabilities of $32 million, respectively. As of March 31, 2019, the Company had additional operating leases that have not yet commenced of $13 million. These operating leases will commence in 2019 with lease terms of 1 year to 5 years.


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Table of Contents

As of March 31, 2019, the weighted average remaining lease term of the Company's operating leases was 6.1 years. The ROU liabilities as of March 31, 2019 reflect a weighted average discount rate of 4.6%. Lease payments over the next five years and thereafter are as follows ($ in millions):
 
March 31, 2019
2019
$
133

2020
181

2021
144

2022
102

2023
76

2024
57

Thereafter
148

Total lease payments
841

Less: imputed interest
(102
)
Total ROU liabilities
$
739


 
9. Earnings Per Share

The following table sets forth the calculation of basic and diluted net earnings per common share ($ in millions, except shares in thousands and per share data in dollars):
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
 
 
 
 
Earnings attributable to Centene Corporation
$
522

 
$
340

 
 
 
 
Shares used in computing per share amounts:
 

 
 
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding
412,924

 
347,843

Common stock equivalents (as determined by applying the treasury stock method)
6,828

 
7,537

Weighted average number of common shares and potential dilutive common shares outstanding
419,752

 
355,380

 
 
 
 
Net earnings per common share attributable to Centene Corporation:
Basic earnings per common share
$
1.26

 
$
0.98

Diluted earnings per common share
$
1.24

 
$
0.96


The calculation of diluted earnings per common share for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 excludes the impact of 1.4 million and 9 thousand shares, respectively, related to anti-dilutive stock options, restricted stock and restricted stock units.

10. Segment Information

Centene operates in two segments: Managed Care and Specialty Services. The Managed Care segment consists of Centene’s health plans, including all of the functions needed to operate them. The Specialty Services segment consists of Centene’s specialty companies offering auxiliary healthcare services and products.

Segment information for the three months ended March 31, 2019, follows ($ in millions):
 
Managed Care
 
Specialty
Services
 
Eliminations
 
Consolidated
Total
Total revenues from external customers
$
17,687

 
$
757

 
$

 
$
18,444

Total revenues from internal customers
35

 
2,449

 
(2,484
)
 

Total revenues
$
17,722

 
$
3,206

 
$
(2,484
)
 
$
18,444

Earnings from operations
$
615

 
$
70

 
$

 
$
685


15

Table of Contents


Segment information for the three months ended March 31, 2018, follows ($ in millions):
 
Managed Care
 
Specialty
Services
 
Eliminations
 
Consolidated
Total
Total revenues from external customers
$
12,449

 
$
745

 
$

 
$
13,194

Total revenues from internal customers
25

 
2,231

 
(2,256
)
 

Total revenues
$
12,474

 
$
2,976

 
$
(2,256
)
 
$
13,194

Earnings from operations
$
470

 
$
70

 
$

 
$
540


11. Contingencies

Overview

The Company records reserves and accrues costs for certain legal proceedings and regulatory matters to the extent that it determines an unfavorable outcome is probable and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated. While such reserves and accrued costs reflect the Company's best estimate of the probable loss for such matters, the recorded amounts may differ materially from the actual amount of any such losses. In some cases, no estimate of the possible loss or range of loss in excess of amounts accrued, if any, can be made because of the inherently unpredictable nature of legal and regulatory proceedings, which may be exacerbated by various factors, including but not limited to, they may involve indeterminate claims for monetary damages or may involve fines, penalties or punitive damages; present novel legal theories or legal uncertainties; involve disputed facts; represent a shift in regulatory policy; involve a large number of parties, claimants or regulatory bodies; are in the early stages of the proceedings; involve a number of separate proceedings and/or a wide range of potential outcomes; or result in a change of business practices.

As of the date of this report, amounts accrued for legal proceedings and regulatory matters were not material. However, it is possible that in a particular quarter or annual period the Company’s financial condition, results of operations, cash flow and/or liquidity could be materially adversely affected by an ultimate unfavorable resolution of or development in legal and/or regulatory proceedings, including as described below. Except for the proceedings discussed below, the Company believes that the ultimate outcome of any of the regulatory and legal proceedings that are currently pending against it should not have a material adverse effect on financial condition, results of operations, cash flow or liquidity.

California

On October 20, 2015, the Company's California subsidiary, Health Net of California, Inc. (Health Net California), was named as a defendant in a California taxpayer action filed in Los Angeles County Superior Court, captioned as Michael D. Myers v. State Board of Equalization, Dave Jones, Insurance Commissioner of the State of California, Betty T. Yee, Controller of the State of California, et al., Los Angeles Superior Court Case No. BS158655. This action is brought under a California statute that permits an individual taxpayer to sue a governmental agency when the taxpayer believes the agency has failed to enforce governing law. Plaintiff contends that Health Net California, a California licensed Health Care Service Plan (HCSP), is an “insurer” for purposes of taxation despite acknowledging it is not an “insurer” under regulatory law. Under California law, “insurers” must pay a gross premiums tax (GPT), calculated as 2.35% on gross premiums. As a licensed HCSP, Health Net California has paid the California Corporate Franchise Tax (CFT), the tax generally paid by California businesses. Plaintiff contends that Health Net California must pay the GPT rather than the CFT. Plaintiff seeks a writ of mandate directing the California taxing agencies to collect the GPT, and seeks an order requiring Health Net California to pay GPT, interest and penalties for a period dating to eight years prior to the October 2015 filing of the complaint. This lawsuit is being coordinated with similar lawsuits filed against other entities (collectively, "Related Actions"). In March 2018, the Court overruled the Company's demurrer seeking to dismiss the complaint and denied the Company's motion to strike allegations seeking retroactive relief. In August 2018, the trial court stayed all the Related Actions pending determination of a writ of mandate by the California Court of Appeals in two of the Related Actions. In March 2019, the California Court of Appeals denied the writ of mandate and the defendants in those Related Actions have sought review by the California Supreme Court. It is not yet known whether the trial court will stay the Related Actions pending a decision from the California Supreme Court. The Company intends to vigorously defend itself against these claims; however, this matter is subject to many uncertainties, and an adverse outcome in this matter could potentially have a materially adverse impact on our financial position, results of operations and cash flows.


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Federal Securities Class Action

On November 14, 2016, a putative federal securities class action, Israel Sanchez v. Centene Corp., et al., was filed against the Company and certain of its executives in the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California. In March 2017, the court entered an order transferring the matter to the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri. The plaintiffs in the lawsuit allege that the Company's accounting and related disclosures for certain liabilities acquired in the acquisition of Health Net violated federal securities laws. In July 2017, the lead plaintiff filed a Consolidated Class Action Complaint. The Company filed a motion to dismiss this complaint in September 2017. In February 2018, the Court held a hearing on the motion to dismiss but has not yet issued a ruling.

The Company denies any wrongdoing and is vigorously defending itself against these claims. Nevertheless, this matter is subject to many uncertainties and the Company cannot predict how long this litigation will last or what the ultimate outcome will be, and an adverse outcome in this matter could potentially have a materially adverse impact on our financial position and results of operations.

Additionally, on January 24, 2018, a separate derivative action was filed by plaintiff Harkesh Parekh on behalf of Centene Corporation against the Company and certain of its officers and directors in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri. Plaintiff purports to bring suit derivatively on behalf of the Company against certain officers and directors for violation of securities laws, breach of fiduciary duty, waste of corporate assets and unjust enrichment. The derivative complaint repeats many of the allegations in the federal securities class action described above and asserts that defendants made inaccurate or misleading statements, and/or failed to correct the alleged misstatements.

A second shareholder derivative action was filed on March 9, 2018, by plaintiffs Laura Wood and Peoria Police Pension Fund on behalf of Centene Corporation against the Company and certain of its officers and directors in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri. This second derivative complaint repeats many of the allegations in the securities class action and the first derivative suit.

A third shareholder derivative action was filed on December 14, 2018, by plaintiffs Carpenter Pension Fund of Illinois and Iron Workers Local 11 Pension Fund on behalf of Centene Corporation against the Company and certain of its officers and directors in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri. This third derivative action repeats many of the allegations in the securities class action and the other derivative suits and adds additional allegations asserting violations of securities laws, breach of fiduciary duty, insider trading and unjust enrichment. On January 9, 2019, the Court consolidated the three derivative suits and established a schedule for determining lead plaintiff and lead counsel. On February 5, 2019, plaintiffs in the three derivative suits filed a consolidated amended complaint. Lead plaintiffs and counsel have been appointed. On February 22, 2019, the Company moved to stay the consolidated derivative action pending resolution of the Sanchez matter. That motion has not yet been decided.

Medicare Parts C and D Matter

In December 2016, a Civil Investigative Demand (CID) was issued to Health Net by the United States Department of Justice regarding Health Net’s submission of risk adjustment claims to CMS under Parts C and D of Medicare. The CID may be related to a federal qui tam lawsuit filed under seal in 2011 naming more than a dozen health insurers including Health Net. The lawsuit was unsealed in February 2017 when the Department of Justice intervened in the case with respect to one of the insurers (not Health Net). In subsequent pleadings, both the Department of Justice and the Relator excluded Health Net from the lawsuit. The Company is complying with the CID and will vigorously defend any lawsuits. At this point, it is not possible to determine what level of liability, if any, the Company may face as a result of this matter.

Veterans Administration Matter

In October 2017, a CID was issued to Health Net Federal Services, LLC (HNFS) by the United States Department of Justice. The CID seeks documents and interrogatory responses concerning whether HNFS submitted, or caused to be submitted, excessive, duplicative or otherwise improper claims to the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) under a contract to provide healthcare coordination services for veterans. The contract began in late 2014 and ended September 30, 2018. In 2016, modifications to the contract were made to allow for possible duplicate billings with a reconciliation period at the end of the contract term. The Company is complying with the CID and believes it has met its contractual obligations. At this point, it is not possible to determine what level of liability, if any, the Company may face as a result of this matter. This matter is separate from the negotiated settlements with the VA in connection with the contract expiration on September 30, 2018.


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Ambetter Class Action

On January 11, 2018, a putative class action lawsuit was filed by Cynthia Harvey and Steven A. Milman against the Company and certain subsidiaries in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Washington. The complaint alleges that the Company failed to meet federal and state requirements for provider networks and directories with regard to its Ambetter policies, denied coverage and/or refused to pay for covered benefits, and failed to address grievances adequately, causing some members to incur unexpected costs. In March 2018, the Company filed separate motions to dismiss each defendant. In July 2018, the plaintiff voluntarily filed a First Amended Complaint that removed Steven Milman as a plaintiff, dropped Centene Corporation and Superior Health Plan as defendants, abandoned certain claims, narrowed the putative class to Washington State only, and added Centene Management Company as a defendant. In August 2018, the Company moved to dismiss the First Amended Complaint. In response, the plaintiff voluntarily filed a Second Amended Complaint. In September 2018, the Company filed a motion to dismiss the Second Amended Complaint. On November 21, 2018, the Court granted in part and denied in part the Company's motion to dismiss. Plaintiff Cynthia Harvey filed a Third Amended Complaint, on November 28, 2018, against Centene Management Company and Coordinated Care Corporation ("Defendants"), both subsidiaries of the Company. Defendants filed an answer on December 12, 2018. Class certification discovery is occurring. The Company intends to vigorously defend itself against these claims. Nevertheless, this matter is subject to many uncertainties and the Company cannot predict how long this litigation will last or what the ultimate outcome will be, and an adverse outcome in this matter could potentially have a materially adverse impact on our financial position and results of operations.

Miscellaneous Proceedings

Excluding the matters discussed above, the Company is also routinely subjected to legal and regulatory proceedings in the normal course of business. These matters can include, without limitation:

periodic compliance and other reviews and investigations by various federal and state regulatory agencies with respect to requirements applicable to the Company's business, including, without limitation, those related to payment of out-of-network claims, submissions to CMS for risk adjustment payments or the False Claims Act, pre-authorization penalties, timely review of grievances and appeals, timely and accurate payment of claims, and the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996;

litigation arising out of general business activities, such as tax matters, disputes related to healthcare benefits coverage or reimbursement, putative securities class actions and medical malpractice, privacy, real estate, intellectual property and employment-related claims;

disputes regarding reinsurance arrangements, claims arising out of the acquisition or divestiture of various assets, class actions and claims relating to the performance of contractual and non-contractual obligations to providers, members, employer groups and others, including, but not limited to, the alleged failure to properly pay claims and challenges to the manner in which the Company processes claims and claims alleging that the Company has engaged in unfair business practices.

Among other things, these matters may result in awards of damages, fines or penalties, which could be substantial, and/or could require changes to the Company’s business. The Company intends to vigorously defend itself against the miscellaneous legal and regulatory proceedings to which it is currently a party; however, these proceedings are subject to many uncertainties. In some of the cases pending against the Company, substantial non-economic or punitive damages are being sought.



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ITEM 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

The following discussion of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and the related notes included elsewhere in this filing. The discussion contains forward-looking statements that involve known and unknown risks and uncertainties, including those set forth under Part II, Item 1A. “Risk Factors” of this Form 10-Q.

EXECUTIVE OVERVIEW

General

We are a diversified, multi-national healthcare enterprise that provides services to government sponsored and commercial healthcare programs, focusing on under-insured and uninsured individuals. We provide member-focused services through locally based staff by assisting in accessing care, coordinating referrals to related health and social services and addressing member concerns and questions.

Results of operations depend on our ability to manage expenses associated with health benefits (including estimated costs incurred) and selling, general and administrative (SG&A) costs. We measure operating performance based upon two key ratios. The health benefits ratio (HBR) represents medical costs as a percentage of premium revenues, excluding premium tax and health insurer fee revenues that are separately billed, and reflects the direct relationship between the premiums received and the medical services provided. The SG&A expense ratio represents SG&A costs as a percentage of premium and service revenues, excluding premium tax and health insurer fee revenues that are separately billed.

Our insurance subsidiaries are subject to the Affordable Care Act annual health insurer fee (HIF), absent a HIF moratorium. The Affordable Care Act (ACA) imposed the HIF in 2018, however the HIF was suspended in 2019. In 2018, the Company recognized revenue for reimbursement of the HIF, including the “gross-up” to reflect the non-deductibility of the HIF. Collectively, this revenue is recorded as premium tax and health insurer fee revenue in the Consolidated Statements of Operations. For certain products, premium taxes, state assessments and the HIF are not pass-through payments and are recorded as premium revenue and premium tax expense or health insurer fee expense in the Consolidated Statements of Operations. Due to the size of the HIF fee, one of the primary drivers of the year-over-year variances discussed throughout this section is related to the moratorium in 2019.

On December 12, 2018, the Board of Directors declared a two-for-one split of our common stock in the form of a 100% stock dividend distributed on February 6, 2019 to stockholders of record as of December 24, 2018. All share and per share information presented in this Form 10-Q has been adjusted for the two-for-one stock split.

WellCare Transaction

On March 26, 2019, we entered into a definitive merger agreement (the Merger Agreement) with WellCare Health Plans, Inc., (WellCare) under which Centene will acquire all of the issued and outstanding shares of WellCare (the WellCare Transaction). Under the terms of the agreement, at the closing of the transaction, WellCare common stock will be automatically canceled and converted into the right to 3.38 of validly issued, fully paid, nonassessable shares of Centene common stock and $120.00 in cash, without interest. The transaction is valued at approximately $17.3 billion, including the existing WellCare debt (based on the Centene closing stock price on March 25, 2019), and is expected to close in the first half of 2020. The transaction is subject to approval by Centene and WellCare stockholders and is also conditioned on clearance under the Hart-Scott Rodino Act, receipt of state regulatory approvals and other customary closing conditions. We have an $8.4 billion financing commitment, but intend to fund the cash portion of the acquisition primarily through debt financing in advance of the closing date.

Fidelis Care Acquisition

On July 1, 2018, we acquired substantially all of the assets of New York State Catholic Health Plan, Inc., d/b/a Fidelis Care New York (Fidelis Care) for approximately $3.60 billion of cash consideration, including a working capital adjustment. Due to the size of the acquisition, one of the primary drivers of the year-over-year variances discussed throughout this section is related to the acquisition of Fidelis Care.


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Regulatory Trends and Uncertainties

The United States government, politicians, and healthcare experts continue to discuss and debate various elements of the United States healthcare payment model. From the constitutionality of the Affordable Care Act, to Medicare for All (single payer), to pharmacy pricing structures, all areas of healthcare are being challenged to assure adequate healthcare is delivered to all segments of the population.

During this time of deliberation, the Company remains focused on the promise of delivering access to quality, affordable healthcare to all of its members and believes it is well positioned to meet the needs of the changing healthcare landscape. We have more than three decades of experience, spanning six presidents from both sides of the aisle, in delivering high-quality healthcare services on behalf of states and the Federal government to under-insured and uninsured families, commercial organizations and military families. This expertise has allowed us to deliver cost effective services to our government sponsors and our members. While healthcare experts maintain focus on personalized healthcare technology, we continue to make strategic decisions to accelerate development of new software platforms and analytical capabilities, including meaningful investments in RxAdvance, Interpreta and Casenet. We continue to believe we have both the capacity and capability to successfully navigate industry changes to the benefit of our members, customers and shareholders.  

For additional information regarding regulatory trends and uncertainties, see Part II, Item 1A, "Risk Factors."

First Quarter 2019 Highlights

Our financial performance for the first quarter of 2019 is summarized as follows:
Managed care membership of 14.7 million, an increase of 1.8 million members, or 14% year-over-year.
Total revenues of $18.4 billion, representing 40% growth year-over-year.
Health benefits ratio of 85.7%, compared to 84.3% for the first quarter of 2018.
SG&A expense ratio of 9.6%, compared to 10.5% for the first quarter of 2018.
Adjusted SG&A expense ratio of 9.5%, compared to 10.3% for the first quarter of 2018.
Operating cash flows of $1.3 billion.
Diluted earnings per share (EPS) for the first quarter of 2019 of $1.24, compared to $0.96 for the first quarter of 2018.
Adjusted Diluted EPS for the first quarter of 2019 of $1.39, compared to $1.09 for the first quarter of 2018.
Adjusted Diluted EPS is highlighted below and additional detail is provided above under the heading "Non-GAAP Financial Presentation":
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
GAAP diluted EPS
$
1.24

 
$
0.96

Amortization of acquired intangible assets
0.12

 
0.09

Acquisition related expenses
0.03

 
0.04

Adjusted Diluted EPS
$
1.39

 
$
1.09

The following items contributed to our revenue and membership growth over the last year:

Arizona. In October 2018, our Arizona subsidiary, Health Net Access, began providing physical and behavioral healthcare services under a new integrated contract through the Arizona Health Care Cost Containment System Complete Care program in the Central region and the Southern region.

Arkansas. In February 2018, our Arkansas subsidiary, Arkansas Total Care, began managing a Medicaid special needs population comprised of people with high behavioral health needs and individuals with developmental/intellectual disabilities. Arkansas Total Care assumed full-risk on this population in March 2019.


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CMG. In March 2018, we completed the acquisition of Community Medical Holdings Corp., d/b/a Community Medical Group (CMG), an at-risk primary care provider serving Medicaid, Medicare Advantage, and Health Insurance Marketplace patients in Miami-Dade County, Florida.

Correctional. In February 2019, Centurion began operating under a new contract to provide comprehensive healthcare services to detainees of the Metropolitan Detention Center located in Albuquerque, New Mexico. In December 2018, Centurion began operating under a new contract to provide comprehensive healthcare services to detainees of Volusia County detention facilities located near Daytona, Florida. In April 2018, we completed the acquisition of MHM Services Inc. (MHM), a national provider of healthcare and staffing services to correctional systems and other government agencies. Under the terms of the agreement, Centene also acquired the remaining 49% ownership of Centurion, the correctional healthcare services joint venture between Centene and MHM.

Fidelis Care. In July 2018, we completed the acquisition of substantially all of the assets of Fidelis Care for $3.6 billion of cash consideration, making Fidelis Care Centene's health plan in New York State.

Florida. In December 2018, our Florida subsidiary, Sunshine Health, began providing physical and behavioral healthcare services through Florida's Statewide Medicaid Managed Care Program under its new five year contract which was implemented for all 11 regions by February 2019.

Illinois. In January 2018, our Illinois subsidiary, IlliniCare Health, began operating under a state-wide contract for the Medicaid Managed Care Program. Implementation dates varied by region and the contract was fully implemented statewide in April 2018.

Interpreta. In March 2018, we acquired an additional 61% ownership in Interpreta Holdings, Inc. (Interpreta), a clinical and genomics data analytics business, bringing our total ownership to 80%.

Health Insurance Marketplace. In January 2019, we expanded our offerings in the 2019 Health Insurance Marketplace. We entered Pennsylvania, North Carolina, South Carolina and Tennessee, and expanded our footprint in six existing markets: Florida, Georgia, Indiana, Kansas, Missouri and Texas.

Kansas. In January 2019, our Kansas subsidiary, Sunflower Health Plan, continued providing managed care services to KanCare beneficiaries statewide under a new contract.

New Mexico. In January 2019, our New Mexico subsidiary, Western Sky Community Care, began operating under a new statewide contract in New Mexico for the Centennial Care 2.0 Program.

Pennsylvania. In January 2019, our Pennsylvania subsidiary, Pennsylvania Health & Wellness, began serving enrollees in the Community HealthChoices program in the Southeast region as part of the statewide contract that is expected to be fully implemented statewide by January 2020.

Primero Salud. In December 2018, our Spanish subsidiary, Primero Salud, acquired 89% of Torrejón Salud, a public-private partnership in the Community of Madrid.

RxAdvance. In March 2018, we made a 25% equity method investment in RxAdvance (RxA), a full-service pharmacy benefit manager (PBM), and expect to use its platform to improve health outcomes and reduce avoidable drug-impacted medical and administrative costs. This partnership includes both a customer relationship and a strategic investment in RxAdvance. As part of the initial transaction, Centene has certain rights to expand its equity investment in the future. In May 2018, we made an additional investment in RxAdvance, bringing the total ownership to 28%. In September 2018, we made an additional investment in convertible preferred stock. In 2018, we began moving our health plans onto the RxAdvance pharmacy platform, beginning with the transition of our Mississippi health plan in November 2018.

The growth items listed above were partially offset by the following items:

Beginning January 1, 2019, Health Net of Arizona, Inc. began discontinuing and non-renewing all of its Employer Group plans for small and large business groups in Arizona. The effective date of coverage termination for existing groups is dependent on remaining renewals; however, coverage will no longer be provided to any group policyholders and/or members after December 31, 2019.

Beginning in July 2018, we no longer serve correctional healthcare members in Massachusetts.

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Effective October 2018, we no longer provide healthcare coordination services to veterans under the Patient-Centered Community Care and Veterans Choice Programs.

We expect the following items to contribute to our revenue or future growth potential:

We expect to realize the full year benefit in 2019 of acquisitions, investments, and business commenced during 2018 and 2019, as discussed above.

In April 2019, we completed the acquisition of QCA Health Plan, Inc. and QualChoice Life and Health Insurance Company, Inc. The acquisition expands our footprint in Arkansas by adding additional members primarily through Commercial products.

In March 2019, we signed a definitive Merger Agreement to acquire all of the issued and outstanding shares of WellCare Health Plans, Inc. The transaction is valued at approximately $17.3 billion (based on the Centene closing stock price on March 25, 2019) and is expected to close in the first half of 2020. The transaction is subject to approval by Centene and WellCare stockholders and is also conditioned on clearance under the Hart-Scott Rodino Act, receipt of state regulatory approvals and other customary closing conditions.

In March 2019, our New Hampshire subsidiary, NH Healthy Families, was awarded a contract to continue providing Medicaid services to enrollees statewide under a new five-year contract, which is expected to commence September 1, 2019.

In February 2019, our North Carolina joint venture, Carolina Complete Health, was awarded a contract for the Medicaid Managed Care program. Under the agreement, Carolina Complete Health will provide Medicaid managed care services in Regions 3 and 5. Pending regulatory approval, the new three-year contract is effective February 1, 2020.

In January 2019, Centurion was notified by Arizona’s Department of Corrections of the state’s intent to award a contract to provide comprehensive healthcare services to inmates housed in Arizona’s state prison system. The contract is expected to commence July 1, 2019, subject to customary contract negotiation.

In October 2018, CMS published updated Medicare Star quality ratings for the 2019 rating year. Our Star ratings returned to a 4.0 Star parent rating. The 2019 rating year will positively affect quality bonus payments for Medicare Advantage plans in 2020.

In July 2018, we announced a joint venture with Ascension to establish a Medicare Advantage plan. The plan is expected to be implemented in multiple geographic markets beginning in 2020.

In July 2018, our subsidiary, Health Net Federal Services, was awarded the next generation Military & Family Life Counseling Program contract. The awarded contract is up to ten years, including multiple one-year option periods.

In May 2018, our Iowa subsidiary, Iowa Total Care, Inc., was selected to negotiate a new statewide contract for the IA Health Link Program. The contract is expected to commence on July 1, 2019.

In January 2018, our Illinois subsidiary, IlliniCare Health, began operating under a state-wide contract for the Medicaid Managed Care Program. Implementation dates varied by region and the contract was fully implemented statewide in April 2018. The new contract will also include children who are in need through the Department of Children and Family Services/Youth in Care by the Illinois Department of Healthcare and Family Services and Foster Care. These additional products are expected to be implemented in 2019 or 2020.


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MEMBERSHIP

From March 31, 2018 to March 31, 2019, we increased our managed care membership by 1,841,400, or 14%. The following table sets forth our membership by line of business:
 
March 31,
2019
 
December 31,
2018
 
March 31,
2018
Medicaid:
 
 
 
 
 
TANF, CHIP & Foster Care
7,491,100

 
7,356,200

 
5,776,600

ABD & LTSS
1,036,200

 
1,002,100

 
866,000

Behavioral Health
56,000

 
36,500

 
454,500

Total Medicaid
8,583,300

 
8,394,800

 
7,097,100

Commercial
2,472,700

 
1,978,000

 
2,161,200

Medicare (1)
393,900

 
416,900

 
343,400

Correctional
153,200

 
151,300

 
157,300

Total at-risk membership
11,603,100

 
10,941,000

 
9,759,000

TRICARE eligibles
2,855,800

 
2,858,900

 
2,851,500

Non-risk membership
211,900

 
219,700

 
218,900

Total
14,670,800

 
14,019,600

 
12,829,400

 
 
 
 
 
 
(1) Membership includes Medicare Advantage, Medicare Supplement, Special Needs Plans, and Medicare-Medicaid Plans (MMP).

The following table sets forth additional membership statistics, which are included in the membership information above:
 
March 31,
2019
 
December 31,
2018
 
March 31,
2018
Dual-eligible (2)
625,600

 
598,200

 
438,200

Health Insurance Marketplace
1,968,700

 
1,459,100

 
1,603,800

Medicaid Expansion
1,312,100

 
1,262,100

 
1,057,400